Biography: Dr. Kung-Chung Hsu received Ph.D. in Department of Chemical Engineering at The Penn State University, in 1985. He worked as a senior scientist in the R & D Department of China Steel Corp. in 1985-1990. He was an Associated Professor in 1990-1996, and has been a professor in the Department of Chemistry of National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, since 1996. Dr. Hsu has research interests in (1) preparation and application of dispersing agents in ceramic materials, (2) preparation and development of superplasticizer and self-curing agents in concrete, and (3) preparation and application of nano powder and graphene/polymer composites. So far he has published more than 40 SCI papers and obtained over 20 patents.
Topic: The Curing Properties of Mortars with an Inorganic Material-Containing Hydrogel
Abstract: Recently, the application of hydrogel or superabsorbent polymer as an internal curing agent in concrete has attracted much attention. This is because the incorporated hydrogel could mitigate the dry shrinkage in traditional concrete, and the autogenous shrinkage in concrete with low water/cement or water/binder ratio. However, several papers indicated that incorporation of hydrogel caused a reduction of compressive strength of the resulting cementitious materials.
To resolve the problem just mentioned, an inorganic material-containing poly (acrylate-co-acrylamide) composite hydrogel (P(AA/IN)) was prepared in this study. The water absorption behavior of P(AA/IN) in different aqueous solutions was studied. The prepared polymer was added in cement pastes and mortars and the effects of IN content on the properties of cementitious materials were investigated. The results indicated that the water absorbency of P(AA/IN) in aqueous solution increased with IN content first, reached a maximum value, and then decreased afterwards. As the IN-containing composite hydrogel has higher density and compressive strength than the pure hydrogel, mortars with proper amounts of the composite hydrogel showed higher compressive strength and lower drying shrinkage than those with hydrogel not containing IN.